Reducing hazards in the home has not
been shown to be an effective falls prevention strategy in the general older
population and those at low risk of falls. However, home hazard reduction is
effective if targeted to older people with a history of falls and visual and
mobility limitations. The effectiveness may depend on providing complementary
mobility training and other strategies for increasing behavior change. (Stephen
e tal, 2008)

The complex interaction
between an individual’s physical ability and the challenges posed by their
environment does not allow for a simple cause-and-effect relationship to be
established. DC (Center of Disease Control), has developed the STEADI (Stopping
Elderly Accidents, Deaths & Injuries) initiative which includes educational
materials and tools to improve fall prevention by identify patients at low,
moderate, and high risk for a fall, identify modifiable risk factors and offer
effective interventions. World Health Organization (WHO)” a fall is an event
which results in a person coming to rest inadvertently on the ground or floor
or other lower level”.(who,2016)

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          Falls also commonly occur if a person
does not realize that a rug is present. This may happen if the lighting is too
dim or the surroundings are unfamiliar. Falls may also result from slipping on
a throw rug that is not securely affixed to the floor. The second greatest
number of injuries occur on stairs and steps, especially during descent.  People commonly miscalculate the dimensions
of the stair because of poor lighting in the stairwell or trip because of
uneven stair heights (risers) or clutter on the steps.  A person’s foot can get caught on stairs or
stair coverings that are in poor condition.

 

    Reducing hazards in the home has not been
shown to be an effective falls prevention strategy in the general older
population and those at low risk of falls. However, home hazard reduction is
effective if targeted to older people with a history of falls and visual and
mobility limitations. The effectiveness may depend on providing complementary
mobility training and other strategies for increasing behavior change. (Stephen
e tal, 2008)