Nearly white-tailed deer’s roaming the area looking for food

Nearly every country preserves a
wetland to some account. Some wetlands are periodically aquatic and terrestrial.
On planet Earth, there are many essential elements that humans and animals need
to survive. One of the essential element is the wetland. There are many
wetlands across the globe covering around four to six percent of the tropical
and subtropical surfaces of the land. Wetlands are found in swamps, marshes,
and bogs as well as the ocean. Humans also manually make wetlands such as fish
and shrimp ponds, farm ponds and much more. Wetlands also protect the shores
from brutal, waves as well as reducing the flooding from a storm, captivate the
pollution, and keeps the water quality in great care. They also give animals
and plants a home and which has a widespread life. Without these wetlands
across the biosphere, the water supply will disappear which can lead to a
distinction between animals and plants. 

 

Although Florida is
known for their wetlands, Georgia has a variety of wetlands as well. The Stone
Mountain Park is a recreational/vocational park not too far from Atlanta,
Georgia. This park is full of adventure for those who love nature. Some
activities are shopping, hiking, golfing, and more. At the park, there is a
nature trail that travels miles down the hill to the lake full of diverse types
of wildlife and plants. On December 16, 2017, 5:56 pm I visited the Harold Cox
nature garden which is one of the nature trails of Stone Mountain Park. The
temperature was 29 degrees Fahrenheit it felt like 10 degrees Fahrenheit. There
was no sunlight as I took a journey through the trial; I noticed that it gets
dark there fast just like temperature. While walking, I noticed that this park
has a beautiful lake which is an inland wetland that is not connected to
streams or rivers. While walking back to the car, I came across a herd of
white-tailed deer’s roaming the area looking for food while observing me at the
same time which I thought was a wonderful experience.

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The geomorphology of Harold Cox
Nature Garden is in DeKalb County facing North of the mountain. This is a
5-mile trail of historical pit-stops from the Cherokee Indians. This Nature
Garden Trail is a woodland forest with plants such as tulip poplars, loblolly
pines and several types of maple and oak trees. Due to the winter, there aren’t
any live leaves on the trees as you look around. This wetland has an impact on
clean and filter water and gives a home for many endangered plants and animals.
This park has had seasonal flooding, the land is smoothed due to the main
elevation of pressure throughout the Northeast. I looked around there were a
lot of declines and inclines throughout the trail watch your step as you walk
you may slip and fall. During Stone Mountains winter season, the temperature
does stay same causing this wetland to have a lingering impression of
unpleasantness. The trail has a stream like forms that flare out from the lake
into the forest surrounded by water. From the open water, 79 percent is from
the lake while the other water is about 22 percent throughout the forest. Even
though its winter beauty awakes you just from the site of nature.

Vegetation

The vegetation in the park has a lot of wood like
trees and very little of submerging plants in the region. As I took a journey
through the trail, I noticed a large root standing up from the ground next to
the runoff from the lake which was a bald cypress tree by itself which was
unique to me because I normally see those type of trees in Florida this time it
was in Georgia. The tree had big roots and was above the water. The roots gain
oxygen during flooding season. I also observed the water level of the lake is
normal from the previous snow due to the seasonal change.

 

Below I have several pictures I came across while
walking the trail of the park. There was other vegetation going in and out of
the water.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           

 

The hydrophilic vegetation was along in the Lake which
was quite fascinating. The park has a lot of Georgia Aster and Georgia Aloe.

           

Even though the Georgia Aster
(Symphyotrichum Georgianum) was not visible to see due to the weather, this
plant stood out. Its native home in Georgia and is almost extinct. The Georgia
Aster is a deciduous perennial; it dies back to the ground each winter and
surfaces again in the spring. With quick up growth hairy stems, side branches
and oval leaves reach around five feet tall. It can grow up to three to five
feet and has small purple flowers that range about three to four inches from
the stem. The Georgia Aster only sprouts up in October and November which is
the fall, the flowers have a dazzling violet petal with a white and red at the
center. There was some floating vegetation on the edges of the lake with plenty
fallen leaves like the Georgia oak, pine cones and more.

Water

Stone Mountain Park has runs
that are connected to the lake called the Stone Mountain Lake. The lake has
persistent water flow throughout the year. In the water, I saw the imprints
from the water levels stating that the water was higher in the spring and
summer. Stone Mountain Park is a semi-permanently flood zone due to the water
levels. The way the water flows, it enhances the ecosystem roles and is
valuable to the environment.

 

 

Stated before in my essay, the bald
cypress tree allows the roots to get oxygen during flooding. I also said that
the water levels are back normal ever since the snow left. The water level most
of the year is consistent, which makes Stone Mountain Park is a semi-permanent
wetland: small intermittently flooded depressions in the forest which is only
wet in the winter and the early spring.

 

 

 

Soils

 

The soil in a wetland is
highly important to know due to the type of vegetation in that region. There
are four types of soil which are: loam, sand, clay, and silt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At Stone Mountain Park, the
soil of clay is all throughout the park. I can say the soil was cold and had a
dry texture to it. Also from the previous snow made it feel sticky when I was
touching it. There is a table that shows different soil types (picture
below).                            

 

 

 

 

 

The soil of the ground is in
the B horizon layer. A subsurface horizon showing depletion of organic matter
and buildup of clay. Clay is typically iron and aluminum-based compounds which
is the middle layer of the soil horizon chart.                                              

 

Wetland Classification

To be a wetland, a terrestrial must have three structures
present: vegetation, soil, and water. Based on these three conditions Stone
Mountain Park is a wetland.     Also, the
property of Stone Mountain Park spans out to span 3 acres and there is about a
10-mile hiking and walking trail in the region of woody plant species. Stone
Mountain Park is near a lake which makes it an inland wetland stating that its
classification is lacustrine. Stone Mountain Park is a freshwater marsh and a
forested wetland because it is associated with a lake and has no ties to any river
or stream. Also, Stone Mountain Park is known for their clay soil. The soil is
long-term weathering condition from what is left behind which is iron which
gives the soil that emblematic color. When the trees and other vegetation is
moved from their region, a mixture of silicon, aluminum, and other periodic
elements turns the soil reddish orange. Stone Mountain Park will always remain
a wetland.

 

Conclusion

 In conclusion, Stone Mountain Park is a
well-organized park with is the largest exposed mass of granite in the world.
The Harold Cox Nature Garden trail allows you to walk with nature viewing the
mountain streams and towering trees standing next to you. This a place to
appreciate the true beauty of wildlife also a peaceful place to reminisce and
clear your mind while learning about indigenous plants and animals. The nature
garden is well maintained and protected by police and park rangers sweeping the
areas with supervision to make sure visitors honor and respect the historical
lands to security for damage. The benefits of this wetland can improve the
water quality from lakes, runs, hammocks, bogs and more; as well as their
ability to help control the flooding within the area. Stone Mountain Park is
not only known for its nature but it’s a place of easing and spending quality
time with your family. Adventure moments is laying before your eyes. Also,
there are tons of excitement for the yearly events such as Native American
Festival and Pow-Wow, Stone Mountain Christmas and more. Stone Mountain Park
will always place for adventuring.